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Study of the Water Resources of the Maputo River Basin, Mozambique

The Governments of the Republic of Mozambique, the Republic of South Africa and the Kingdom of Swaziland have been collaborating in terms of the management and joint development of the shared Maputo River Basin. This collaboration is carried out through the Tripartite Permanent Technical Committee (TPTC) which was formally established in 1983.

The TPTC is responsible for providing advice to the shared watercourse states on the equitable utilisation and management of this shared resource. It was identified that a “Comprehensive Agreement” was required in order for the watercourse states to do this. This will enable the three countries to formulate strategies and action plans that will ultimately lead to effective measures to manage water as a social and economic resource within the context of environmental sustainability. 

Groundwork for this agreement took the form of the Joint Maputo River Basin Water Resources Study (JMRBWRS) which was commissioned to provide a detailed water resource assessment and recommended management and development options. It also considered suitable institutional management arrangements for the Maputo River Basin. These were presented as a Water Resource Management Strategy (WRMS) with the goal of providing a framework for the planning, development and management of a sustainable water resources system.

Aurecon carried out the hydrological, water quality, system yield analysis, water resources assessment and GIS components of the project, as well as provided overall technical management and contributing to environmental studies.

The JMRBWRS will provide essential input into the formulation of a “Comprehensive Agreement”.